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Kazakhstan

Created with Highstock 5.0.9Chart context menuEnergy production, 2015164 (Mtoe)Oil 51 %Oil 51 %Coal 29 %Coal 29 %Natural gas 20 %Natural gas 20 %Hydro 0 %Hydro 0 %Biofuels and waste 0 %Biofuels and waste 0 %Others 0 %Others 0 %World Energy Statistics and Balances 2016©OECD/IEA 2017Notes


Created with Highstock 5.0.9MtoeChart context menuEnergy productionOilCoalNatural gasHydroBiofuels and wasteOthers20012003200520072009201120132015050100150200World Energy Statistics and Balances 2016©OECD/IEA 2017Notes
Created with Highstock 5.0.9Chart context menuTotal primary energy supply, 201578 (Mtoe)Coal 44 %Coal 44 %Natural gas 35 %Natural gas 35 %Oil 20 %Oil 20 %Hydro 1 %Hydro 1 %Biofuels and waste 0 %Biofuels and waste 0 %Others 0 %Others 0 %World Energy Statistics and Balances 2016©OECD/IEA 2017Notes


Created with Highstock 5.0.9MtoeChart context menuTotal primary energy supplyCoalNatural gasOilHydroBiofuels and wasteOthers200120032005200720092011201320150255075100World Energy Statistics and Balances 2016©OECD/IEA 2017Notes
Created with Highstock 5.0.9MtoeChart context menuTotal final consumptionOilElectricityCoalNatural gasOthersIndustryResidentialOthersTransport0510152025World Energy Statistics and Balances 2016©OECD/IEA 2017Notes


Created with Highstock 5.0.9MtoeChart context menuTotal final consumptionIndustryOthersTransportResidential200820102012201420012003200520070204060World Energy Statistics and Balances 2016©OECD/IEA 2017Notes
Created with Highstock 5.0.9Chart context menuElectricity generation, 2015106 (TWh)Coal 72 %Coal 72 %Natural gas 18 %Natural gas 18 %Hydro 9 %Hydro 9 %Oil 1 %Oil 1 %Others 0 %Others 0 %World Energy Statistics and Balances 2016©OECD/IEA 2017Notes


Created with Highstock 5.0.9TWhChart context menuElectricity generationCoalNatural gasHydroOilOthers20012003200520072009201120132015050100150World Energy Statistics and Balances 2016©OECD/IEA 2017Notes



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The Republic of Kazakhstan lies in northern Central Asia. Situated between the Russian Federation and China, with access to the Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan plays a key role as a tr​ansit country as well as a key energy producer.  Until 2015, Kazakhstan was among the world's top ten fastest-growing economies, mainly owing ​to development of its rich oil, gas and coal resources and its export-oriented policies. The country is the largest oil p​​roducer in Central Asia, with the 12th highest proven crude oil reserves​ in the world. However, falling oil prices and weaker export demand caused gross domestic product (GDP) to decline from 4.1% in 2014 to 1.2% in 2015, and nearly zero GDP growth was expected for 2016.

Kazakhstan produced 80.8 million tonnes (Mt) of crude oil in 2014, with about half coming from the two giant fields of Tengiz and Karachaganak. The Kashagan field, the fifth-largest reserve in the world, which came online in the autumn of 2016, will also play a major role in Kazakhstan's future oil production: in January 2017, the Kashagan North Caspian Operating Company announced potential exports of 1 Mt of crude oil and condensate.​

At the end of 2015 Kazakhstan's proven oil reserves were 3 900 Mt and the reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio was 49.3. This amounts to 1.8% of the world's total liquids reserves and puts Kazakhstan in 12th place worldwide. Kazakhstan is also rich in natural gas deposits, with 900 bcm of proven reserves at the end of 2015 (0.5% of total world reserves) at an R/P ratio of 75.7, and proven reserves of coal totalled 33 600 Mt (3.8% of total world reserves) at an R/P ratio of 316. Progress has also been achieved in terms of gas network development: in 2016 three lines of the transnational Turkmenistan-Uzbekistan-Kazakhstan-China gas pipeline were completed, increasing transit gas volumes from 30 billion cubic metres per year (bcm/y) to 55 bcm/y, and the Beineu-Bozoi-Shymkent pipeline connecting the western producing region with the densely populated south also became operational in 2016.

See also Energy Policies Beyond IEA Countries - Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia 2015​​

Go to the Sankey Flow of Kazakhstan​

Get all the​ info about Kazakhstan : Download PDF ​​​​​​

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Energy Marketshttps://www.eu4energy.iea.org/Pages/Energy-Markets.aspxEnergy Markets
Energy Securityhttps://www.eu4energy.iea.org/Pages/Energy-Security.aspxEnergy Security
Sustainable Developmenthttps://www.eu4energy.iea.org/Pages/Sustainable-Development.aspxSustainable Development

©2017 OECD / IEA